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412.6 Le système de fiches ou feuilles et le système des livres, fascicules ou registres - Mondothèque

412.6 Le système de fiches ou feuilles et le système des livres, fascicules ou registres

From Mondothèque

1. — Le livre traditionnel est formé de feuillets reliés portant chacun un texte en lignes à lire de gauche à droite et successivement de haut en bas (les Orientaux écrivent et lisent des lignes de haut en bas ; les anciens avaient des « volumes » où le texte était enroulé).

2. — En fait, le contenu d’un livre peut être représenté par une seule ligne continue mais sectionnée en parties égales qui correspondent chacune à une page et ensuite à une ligne de page. Ce sectionnement est matériel ; il ne concorde pas avec le sectionnement selon les divisions intellectuelles de l’idée (chapitres, sections, paragraphes, alinéas).

3. — La disposition sous forme de feuilles ou fiches mobiles qui ne soient pas fixées par brochage ou reliure, permet d’obtenir les avantages des trois principes suivants : a) Principe de la monographie. Chaque élément intellectuel d’un livre est (après avoir été sectionné de l’ensemble du texte) incorporé en un élément matériel correspondant. b) Principe de la continuité et de la pluralité d’élaboration. Alors qu’un livre est élaboré intellectuellement par un seul ou par quelques collaborateurs et arrêté après achèvement, les fiches permettent d’y travailler à un nombre illimité de personnes ; il ne doit jamais être tenu pour achevé. c) Principe de la multiplication des données. Pour faire figurer les diverses données sous les divers ordres de classement (par exemple les ordres idéologiques, géographiques, chronologiques, etc.), on en multiplie les fiches.

4. — Les fiches ou feuillets s’organisent en Répertoires, disposés en Fichiers ou Classeurs, avec disposition verticale avec l’intermédiaire de fiches divisionnaires ou de dossiers.

5. — La Classification décimale exprime des classes dans un ordre relatif et non dans l’ordre absolu de nombres consécutifs. Elle fait fonction de pagination pour les Fichiers et Classeurs.

6. Deux méthodes générales sont en présence : fiches (feuilles) ou livres (registres). La première repose sur la mobilité des éléments composés, la seconde sur leur fixité. En combinant le système des fiches et feuilles avec le principe monographique, on obtient une coïncidence parfaite dans le document entre l’unité intellectuelle et l’unité physique du support écrit, entre le sectionnement de la pensée et les sections du livre dans le concret.


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